EVERYWHERE. SEXUAL DIVERSITY POLICIES IN ART
The core of this exhibition rests upon the different representations of sexual diversity as a concept within Art. Through this embracing designation it is possible to witness images mainly on homosexuality, lesbianism and the sexualities and identifications usually gathered in the acronym LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual and queer), it can also be completed with the one regarding intersexual people.
The aim is to delve into the production of ideas regarding this topic, emerging in artistic practices mainly since 1969 and carried up until today.
Why 1969? In this year, the gay liberation movement was organised as a result of the protests in New York City, particularly in late June, at the Stonewall Inn bar, since it was hounded and repressed by members of the Police force.
Lesbians, transsexuals and transvestites, as well as homosexuals, took part in this commotion. Needless to say that this year is taken here as a symbolic reference since, prior to this date, there had already been actions and cultures rebelling against convention.
Everywhere is a project structured on the dawning of different representations of desire and of the several subjectivities, which confront convention and the patriarchal and heterosexist power, having produced valuable examples in photography, painting, drawing, video, installation and other disciplines. It also represents a conceptual inquiry into the heterodox way of life and the concept of community; also into what this signifies in terms of the constitution of an identity culture in a hostile social environment, particularly during the sixties and seventies. An identity, which would later be questioned by queer postulates, at least since the early nineties.
However, in order to come to terms with the extent of the representations and artistic productions, both individual and collective, the knowledge of the contributions by other cultural manifestations is needed also from a political perspective; thus helping us to understand the different existing perceptions on homosexuality and trans-sexuality for instance. Regarding this it would be necessary to take into account the impact of medical discourse and science on art and visual culture, whilst also exploring how the laws in different countries established decrees and regulations punishing homosexual acts, frequently ignoring lesbianism in its ruling; a punishment still being enforced in many places.
Furthermore, it is of the utmost importance to be aware of the web of visions and cultural constructions originating from film, literature, music and the mass media. It is crucial to take these into consideration, due to the importance they hold in the conformation of a collective imagery filled with persistent prejudices and stereotypes often supported through the use of slander and shame. Opposing this collection of biased and selfish visions, gay, lesbian and transsexual collectives rebelled following the example set by feminists and the civil rights advocacy groups.
The emergence of AIDS and its instrumentalisation by reactionary social groups was used to blame the gay community among other demonised sectors of society. The different revolts against this stigmatisation revitalised the rise of various types of political activism. Art illustrated many of the questions debated over the AIDS pandemic.
Everywhere explores the contingent evolution of the representation of sexual diversity from the times of greater repression and homophobia to present day. This includes the consideration of the succeeding proposals on equal rights and on the stimulating positioning of queer thought with its well known critique of fixed identities and the supposed respectability associated with the notion of normality.
The importance of Western art (USA, Germany, Spain, Great Britain, France…) is undisputed but the revision will also pay attention to the incorporation of artistic proposals relating to countries in which the laws criminalise, to varying extents, diversity and sexual freedom (Iran, Turkey, India, Palestine, Lebanon…).
Artists: Act-Up and Gran Fury, Tariq Alvi, Xoán Anleo / Uqui Permui, Alexander Apóstol, Kutlug Ataman, Ron Athey, Charles Atlas, Leigh Bowery, Kaucyla Brooke, Bruce La Bruce, Tom Burr, Cabello / Carceller, Loren Cameron, Giuseppe Campuzano, Luciano Castelli, Tee corinne, Juan Davila, Del Lagrace Volcano, Dias & Riedweg, George Dureau, Nicole Eisenman, Michael Elmgreen & Ingar Dragset, Pepe Esjpaliú, Fierce Pussy, Samuel Fosso, Annett Frick, Carmela García, Robert Gober, Roberto González-Fernández, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Nancy Grossman, Hervé Guibert, Sunil Gupta, Barbara Hammer, Keth Haring, Lyle Ashton Harris, David Hockney, Ins A Kromminga, Derek Jarman, Isaac Julien, Zoe Leonard, Lenilson, Renate Lorenz & Pauline Boudry, LSD (Fefa Vila), Monica Majoli, Robert Mapplethorpe, Jesús Martínez Oliva, Pepe Miralles, Donald Moffett, Ocaña, Marcel Odenbach, Elisabeth Ohlson, Henrik Olesen, Catherine Opie, Ulrike Ottingr, Pablo Pérez-Mínguez, Pierre & Gilles, Jack Pierson, Mark Raidpere, Catherine Saalfield, Tejal Sham, Ahlam Shibli, Jack Smith, Annie Sprinkle / Les Nichols, Wolfgang Tillmans, Herbert Tobias, Tom of Finland, Monika Treut, Video-Nou, Azucena Vieites, Andy Warhol, David Wojnarowicz, Yeguas del Apocalipsis, Akram Zaatari